Papua Conflict Reconciliation Model and Strategies

  • Samparisna O. D. Koibur Center for National Sustainable Development Studies, Indonesia
Keywords: Model; Papua conflict; reconciliation strategy


At a glance, the Papuan conflict is a vertical conflict that has lasted more than 50 years. The main cause of this conflict is the desire for “Free Papua” which is supported by the Free Papua Movement (OPM). Conflicts also escalated over the issue of race and discrimination against Papuan students in Surabaya and Malang in August 2019. Negotiation is the Indonesian government's best option for resolving disputes in Papua. The main purpose of this article is to find the best solution for dispute resolution in Papua in terms of the terms that must be carried out and the negotiation process. This study uses a qualitative methodology to investigate social phenomena in society that occur naturally without engineering or laboratory work. This approach provides descriptive data in the form of descriptive or verbal words that describe conditions, situations, or certain different variables. The data collection technique is to use a literature search to obtain the required data. As a result, the Papua conflict negotiation process involved internal parties (central/regional government, KKB/OPM, traditional/religious leaders, civil society) and external parties (freeport), and became the main demand. Indicates that it is an independent Papua. Negotiations have been time consuming and faced many obstacles, but we continue to strive to reach a mutually beneficial solution. Dialogue between Jakarta and Papua should better reflect the cultural values of the Papuan people.


Download data is not yet available.


Adhiat, A. (2019). Why do Papuans want independence? - Retrieved December 25, 2019, from
Ahmadi, A. (2009). Social Psychology. Rineka Cipta.
Anderson, Bobby. (2015). Papua Insecurities: State's Failure in The Indonesian Periphery. Washington : East-WestC enter.
Ananta, Aris. Utami, Dwi Retno Wilujeng Wahyu and Handayani, Nur Budi. (2016). "Statistics on Ethnic Diversity in The Land of Papua, Indonesia.". Asia and The Pacific Policy studies, 3(3), 458-474. Doi: 10.1002/app5.143
Basrowi and Kelvin. (2008). Understanding Qualitative Research. Rineka Cipta: Jakarta.
Center for Humanitarian Dialogue. (2011). Conflict management in Indonesia - An analysis of conflicts in Maluku, Papua and Poso. Retrieved from
Hero. (2010). Conflict and Conflict Management. Theory, Application, and Research. Salemba Humanika.
Firdausi, FA (2019). History of West Papua's Independence from the Netherlands & Join NKRI. Retrieved December 25, 2019, from
Firmanto, T. (2012). Papua Special Autonomy; Dynamics and Solutions to Solve it - Retrieved December 26, 2019, from
Fisher, Simon, et al. (2001). Managing Conflict: Skills & Strategies for Action. The British Council. Jakarta.
Moleong, Lexy J. (2006). Qualitative Research Methods. Rosdakarya Youth: Bandung.
Morton Deutsch and Peter T. Coleman. (2000). Conflict Resolution Handbook: Theory and Practice, Hunger and Wheelen (2012:29)
Olson, David., & DeFrain, J. (2003). Marriages and Families: Intimacy, Diversity and Strengths. McGraw Hill.
Pruitt, Dean G. and Jeffrey Z. Rubin. (2009). Social Conflict Theory. Student Library: Yogyakarta.
Stephanie K. Marrus, quoted by Sukristono (200131)
Wahyudi. (2011). Conflict Management in Organizations. CV Alfabeta: Bandung. Al-Rahab, Amiruddin. (2006). “Military Operations in Papua: Fence Eating Plants?”, LIPI Political Journal, 3(1). 3-23. Doi: 10.14203/jpp.v3i1.420
Yannizar, et al. (2020). Analysis of Good Corporate Governance, Free Cash Flow, Leverage towards Earning Management, and Shareholder Wealth in Service Sector Companies Listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal).P. 2567j-2567v.
How to Cite
Samparisna O. D. Koibur. (2021). Papua Conflict Reconciliation Model and Strategies. Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi Dan Perubahan Sosial, 8(4), 293-303.