Universal Values and Muslim Democracy

  • Anwar Ibrahim Former an Education Minister, Finance Minister, and Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia
Keywords: Malaysia; democracy; Islam; Muslim; values


This study deals with Universal Values and Muslim Democracy. This essay draws upon speeches that he gave at the New York Democ- racy Forum in December 2005 and the Assembly of the World Movement for Democracy in Istanbul in April 2006. The emergence of Muslim democracies is something significant and worthy of our attention. Yet with the clear exceptions of Indonesia and Turkey, the Muslim world today is a place where autocracies and dictatorships of various shades and degrees continue their parasitic hold on the people, gnawing away at their newfound freedoms. It concludes that the human desire to be free and to lead a dignified life is universal. So is the abhorrence of despotism and oppression. These are passions that motivate not only Muslims but people from all civilizations.


Amartya Sen, Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (New York: W.W. Norton, 2006).
See Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999) and Kim Dae Jung, “A Response to Lee Kuan Yew: Is Culture Destiny? The Myth of Asia’s Anti-Democratic Values,” Foreign Affairs 73 (November–December 1994): 189–94.
Eric Hobsbawm, The Age of Extremes: The Short Twentieth Century, 1914–1991
(New York: Pantheon, 2003).
A full English translation of al-Siqilli’s Sulwan may be found in Joseph A. Kechichian and R. Hrair Dekmejian, eds., The Just Prince: A Manual of Leadership (London: Saqi Books, 2003).
How to Cite
Anwar Ibrahim. (2020). Universal Values and Muslim Democracy. Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi Dan Perubahan Sosial, 9(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.33258/konfrontasi2.v9i1.91