The Theoretical Reflection of Islamo-Fascism and Darul Islam Movement in Indonesia

  • Al Chaidar Malikussaleh University
  • Teuku Syahrul Ansari University of Diponegoro
  • Irfan Iryadi University of Diponegoro
  • Dedy Tabrani Perguruan Tinggi Ilmu Kepolisian
Keywords: Islamo-fascism, Darul Islam, Indonesia

Abstract

This study regarding the theoretical reflection of Islam-fascism and Darul Islam movement in Indonesia. History of Islam in Indonesia is also the history of power struggle (caliphate) which has not been completed until now. At that time Islam respecting plurality and respect the existing culture. The spirit of pluralism and tolerance enforced developed with enriched intellectual repertoire. Increasingly repressive and hegemonic states, bulldoze people across ethnic, class, and layers. Political regimentation of Suharto's New Order devastated spirit of nationality and humanity. Therefore, the intellectuals and the elite of Islam must find a way out of the crises of social, economic, and political ideology today, so that no reform has stagnated, so that this nation does not disintegrate. Giddens called political "third way" to emphasize the "no rights without responsibilities". In the era of the Prophet of Islam, "no rights without responsibilities" that accentuated in the Medina Charter, which guarantees the freedom, equality and justice. In the Islamic era Cordova, Spain, spirit and conception" Medina Charter" that then make their community a pluralistic, cosmopolitan, multicultural and universal, so they are willing to learn and accept everything of value from the experiences of other communities.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brackenridge, Linda G. "The Darul Islam movement in West Java: A study of religion and its relationship to insurgency." PhD diss., Australian National University, 1975.
Bruinessen, M. van. "The Violent Fringes of Indonesia's Islam." ISIM Newsletter 11 (2002): 7.
Burhanuddin, N. (2010). Tipologi Gerakan Sempalan di Kalangan Umat Islam Indonesia: Analisis Sosiologi dan Fungsional.
Cooper, H. H. A. 2001. “Terrorism: The Problem of Definition Revisited.” American Behavioral Scientist 44: 881-893.
Crenshaw, Martha. 1981. “The Causes of Terrorism.” Comparative Politics 13: 379-99
Dengel, Holk. "Darul Islam dan kartosuwirjo:‘Angan-Angan yang Gggal (Darul Islam and kartosuwirjo:‘The illusion that failed’)." (1995).
Dijk, Cornelis. Darul Islam: sebuah pemberontakan. Pustaka Utama Grafiti, 1987.
Dijk, Cornelis. Rebellion under the banner of Islam: the Darul Islam in Indonesia. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1981.
Eisenstein, Hester. 2001. “After 9/11: Globalization and the Events of September 11, 2001.” Journal of the Research Group on Socialism and Democracy 16: 131 136.
Eliraz, Giora. Islam and Polity in Indonesia: An Intriguing Case Study. Hudson Institute, 2007.
Eliraz, Giora. Islam in Indonesia: Modernism, radicalism, and the Middle East dimension. Sussex Academic Press, 2004.
Enders, W. and Sandler, T. (2005) Transnational terrorism 1968-2000: Thresholds, persistence, and forecasts. Southern Economic Journal, forthcoming.
Enders, Walter and Todd Sandler. 2006. The Political Economy of Terrorism. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Fealy, Greg, and Greg Barton, eds. Nahdlatul Ulama, traditional Islam and modernity in Indonesia. No. 39. Monash Asia Inst, 1996.
Gibson, Thomas. "Islam and the spirit cults in new order Indonesia: Global flows vs. local knowledge." Indonesia 69 (2000): 41-70.
Glubb, Sir John Baggot. 1957. A Soldier with the Arabs. New York: Harper and Row.
Goodwin, Jeff. 2006. “A Theory of Categorical Terrorism.” Social Forces 84: 2027-2046.
Goolsby, Rebecca. "Combating terrorist networks: An evolutionary approach." Computational & Mathematical Organization Theory 12, no. 1 (2006): 7-20.
Gunaratna, R. (2005). The Ideology of Al-Jama'ah Al-Islamiya. Current Trends in Islamist Ideology, 68, 68-81.
Gunn, Geoffrey C. "Radical Islam in Southeast Asia: Rhetoric and Reality in the Middle Eastern Connection." Journal of Contemporary Asia 16, no. 1 (1986): 30-54.
Haddad, S. and Khashan, H. (2002) Islam and terrorism. Journal of Conflict Resolution 46: 812-828.
Kolig, E. (2005). Radical islam, islamic fervour, and political sentiments in central java, Indonesia. European Journal of East Asian Studies, 4(1), 55-86.
Kuper, Leo, Genocide. 1981. Harmondsworth: Pelican Books.
Laffan, Michael. "The tangled roots of Islamist activism in southeast asia." Cambridge Review of International Affairs 16, no. 3 (2003): 397-414.
Laqueur, Walter. 1977. Terrorism. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Lee, Martha F. The nation of Islam: an American millenarian movement. Syracuse University Press, 1996.
Lemkin, Raphael. 1944. Axis Rule in Occupied Europe. Washington, D.C.: Carnegie Endowment of International Peace.
Lenin, V. I. 1971. State and Revolution. New York: International Publications.
Liong, Liem Soei. "Indonesian Muslims and the state: Accommodation or revolt?." Third World Quarterly 10, no. 2 (1988): 869-896.
Lizardo, Omar. 2008. “Defining and Theorizing Terrorism: A Global Actor-Centered Approach.” Journal of World-Systems Research, Vol. XIV: 91-118.
Mackie, J. A. C. "Integrating and centrifugal factors in Indonesian politics since 1945." Indonesia: the Making of a Nation 2 (1980): 669-84.
Magouirk, Justin, Scott Atran, and Marc Sageman. "Connecting terrorist
Temby, Q. (2010). Imagining an Islamic State in Indonesia: From Darul Islam to Jemaah Islamiyah. Indonesia, (89), 1-36.
Temby, Quinton. "Imagining an Islamic State in Indonesia: From Darul Islam to Jemaah Islamiyah." Indonesia 89 (2010): 1-36.
Van Bruinessen, Martin. "State-Islam Relations in contemporary Indonesia; 1915-1990." State and Islam. Leiden: Research School CNWS (1995).
Van der Kroef, Justus M. "Conflicts of Religious Policy in Indonesia." Far Eastern Survey 22, no. 10 (1953): 121-125.
Walzer, Michael. 1977. Just and Unjust Wars: A Moral Argument with Historical Illustrations. New York: Basic Books.
Published
2019-07-01
How to Cite
Al Chaidar, Teuku Syahrul Ansari, Irfan Iryadi, & Dedy Tabrani. (2019). The Theoretical Reflection of Islamo-Fascism and Darul Islam Movement in Indonesia. Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi Dan Perubahan Sosial, 6(2), 31-36. https://doi.org/10.33258/konfrontasi2.v8i2.4