Public Housing in Medan during the Dutch Colonial Period

  • Suprayitno Department of History, Faculty of Cultural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Wara Sinuhaji Department of History, Faculty of Cultural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Deo Widika Alamsyah Department of History, Faculty of Cultural Science, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
Keywords: public housing; Medan; Volkshuisvesting

Abstract

As the center of government and economy in the East Sumatra region during the Dutch colonial era, the city of Medan continued to develop and grow in line with the success of the surrounding plantation businesses. This situation resulted in many people coming to Medan to stay and settle down. The large number of people who came to Medan resulted in an increase in population in Medan which resulted in an increase in the number of housing needs at that time, especially houses that met health and safety standards. Since there were many houses that did not meet the standards at that time, the Medan City Government considered that this housing problem had to be taken seriously so they made a policy to establish public housing that met the standards set, which was called “Volkshuisvesting” or people's houses. This housing development policy was also widely carried out in several Gemeente in the Dutch East Indies at that time. Volkshuisvesting itself is public housing aimed at middle and low income people with the aim of helping them to have a decent place to live in. Many things have been prepared by the Medan City government to realize this public housing policy for the people or Volkshuisvesting, starting from planning, provision of funds, housing areas etc. Using historical methods and using sources such as the Dutch colonial archives, newspapers and books that discuss housing published during the Dutch colonial period, this article explains how the Medan City Government plans to build public housing in Medan.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alamsyah, Deo Widika., 2019, Waterleiding Maatschappij Ajer Beresih 1905-1942, Medan, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya USU.
Colombijn, Freek., 2011., Public Housing in Post-Colonial Indonesia The Revolution Of Rising Expectations, Bijdragen Tot de Taal- Land- en Volkenkunde/ Juornal Of Humanities and Sosial Sciences Of Southeast Asia and Oceania.
De Volkshuisvesting te Medan, 1925
De Sumatra Post, 28 oktober 1924
De Sumatra Post., 19 Mei 1928
De Sumatra Post., 24 Januari 1939
Flieringa, G., 1930. De Zorg Voor DE Vokshuisvesting In De Stadgemeenten . N Nederlandsch Oost Indie In Het Bijzonder In Semarang., Grevenhage Martinus Nijhoff.
Jansen, Gerad.,1925., Grantrechten In Deli., Medan, Oostkust Van Sumatra Instituut.
Kastelijn, J.S.C., 1911, Deli Planters Vereeniging. Handelingen Van Het Ie Congres 1911. Het verkrijgen van een inheemsche Aïteiders-bevolking, Medan ,TYP J Halerman.
Koloniale verslag 1915
Nasution, Junaidi., 2018., Transformasi Moderenitas di Kota Medan : Dari Kampung Medan Putri Hingga Gemeente Medan, Jurnal Masyarakat Sejarawan Indonesia.
Said, Mohhamad., 1977 Koeli Kontrak Tempoe Doeloe. Dengan Derita dan Kemarahannya, Medan, Waspada
Suprayitno, et al. (2020). From Labuhan Deli to Belawan: The Removal of Harbor in
Medan during the Dutch Colonial Period of 1863-1942. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal). P. 1392-1402
Tideman., 1919., Penampungan Kuli Kontrak di Panatai Timur Sumatera, Colonial Student.
Tillema, H.F., 1926., Zonder Tropen-geen Europam, Bloemendal,
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1919, 1920., Medan, Varekamp & Co.
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1920, 1921., Medan, Varekamp & Co.
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1921., 1922 Medan, Varekamp & Co.
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1922., 1923, Medan,Varekamp & Co.
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1923., 1924., Medan, Varekamp & Co.
Verslag Betreffende De Gemeente Medan Over Het Jaar 1929., 1930, Medan, Varekamp & Co.
Published
2020-09-28
How to Cite
Suprayitno, Wara Sinuhaji, & Deo Widika Alamsyah. (2020). Public Housing in Medan during the Dutch Colonial Period . Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi Dan Perubahan Sosial, 7(3), 217-227. https://doi.org/10.33258/konfrontasi2.v7i3.117