Improving the Eighth Grade Students’ Listening Comprehension Achievement by using Dictation Techniques

  • Abd. Syakur Department of Graduate Program of English Education, STKIP PGRI Sidoarjo, Indonesia [email protected]
Keywords: dictation; listening comprehension; classroom action research

Abstract

Dictation is an ancient technique in teaching language becoming one of interesting ways to improve the students’ listening comprehension proposed by Davis and Involucres (1988). This study was aimed to solve the students’ listening comprehension achievement by using dictation techniques as a technique in teaching listening at SMP Al-falah Surabaya in the academic year 2019/2020. Classroom Action Research (CAR) was applied in this study in two cycles. In this classroom action research, the technique was divided into note taking and partial dictation/cloze dictation. The primary data about students listening achievement were gained from the listening test. Meanwhile, the supporting data were gathered from observation and documentation. The results on students’ activity showed the use of text dictation techniques could improve the eighth-grade students’ activity in listening. Furthermore, In the first cycle of the test’ result, the teaching listening activity was not so good as what was expected. On the average, the percentage of the students’ involvement in the process of teaching listening was only 45% in the first meeting and 50% in the second meeting. But, in the second cycle the percentage of students’ involvement in the process of teaching listening increased from 77% in the first meeting to 80% in the second meeting. This improvement happened because of some revision, they were; choosing the text with familiar story for the students, reading the text more clearly, turning up the volume, and using more gestures in teaching listening technique.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acemoglu D., Thierry V. and James R. (2004), “Kleptocracy and Divide-and-rule: A model of personal rule”, Jurnal of the European Economic Association, p.163-190.
Arnold J. (2008), “Do tax structures affect aggregate economic growth?”, Empirical evidence from a panel of OECD Countries, OECD Economics Department Working Papers, No. 643, OECD Publishing, p. 6-18.
Arisoy I. and Unlukaplan I. (2010), “Tax composition and growth in Turkey: An empirical analysis”, International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, No.59, p.5-13.
Barbone L. and Polackova H. (1996), “Public Finances and Economic Transition”, Policy Research Working Paper No.1585, The World Bank Europe and Central Asia Country Department, p.2-35.
Barro R. (1979), “On the Determination of the Public Debt. Journal of Political Economy”, 87, p.940- 960.
Barrios S. and Schaechter A. (2008), “The Quality of Public Finances and EconomicGrowth”, European Economy Economic Paper 337, Brussels: European Commission, p. 8-32.
Bhartia H.L. (2009), “Public Finance”. 14th Edition, New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House PVT Limited, p.5-32.
Bassanini A., Scarpetta S. and Hemmings P. (2001), “Economic Growth: The Role of Policies and Institutions”, Panel Data Evidence from OECD Countries, OECD Economics Department Working Paper, No. 283, p. 20-42.
Gacanja E. (2012), “Tax revenue and economic growth: an empirical case study of Kenya”, Unpublished MBA Project, University of Nairobi, p.10-15.
Getachew W. (2018), “The Relationship between Inflation and Economic Growth in Ethiopia”, Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), Vol. 1, No. 3, p. 264-265.
Lutfunnahar B. (2007), “A Panel Study on Tax Effort and Tax Buoyancy with Special Reference to Bangladesh”, Working Paper 715: Policy Analysis Unit (PAU) Research Department Bangladesh Bank.
Munir F. And Scaudhry S.I. (2010), “Determinants of Low Tax Revenue in Pakistan”, Pakistan Jurnal of Social Scienses, Vol. 30, No. 2, p. 441- 443.
Musgrave R.A. and Musgrave P.B. (2006), “Public Finance in Theory and Practice”, New Delhi: Tata Mc Graw- Hill Publishing Company Limited, p.20-26.
Nyamongo C. B. (1987), “Government Revenue and expenditures In Kenya With Emphasis On Trends And Compositions”, International Academic Journal of Information Sciences and Project Management, University of Nairobi, Kenya, p. 89-101.
Paolo D., Joao T.J (2017), How Buoyant is the Tax System? New Evidence from a Large Heterogeneous Panel, IMF Working Paper, WP/17/4, p.19-20.
Suryani M, Suhatman R. (2020), “The Effect of Government Expenditures, Domestic Investment, Foreign Investment to the Economic Growth of Primary Sector in Central Kalimantan, Budapest International Research and Critics Institute- Journal (BIRCI- Journal), Vol. 3, No. 3, p. 1695-1696.
Sen A. (2011), “Oil Revenues and Economic Development: The Case of Rajasthan, India”, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, p. 10-20.
Turnovsky S. and Fisher W. (1995), “The composition of Government Expenditure and its Consequences for Macroeconomic Performance”, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, p.740-750.
Winata B.H. (2020), “Development of an Integrated Inquiry Model the Value of Thought Economy of Mohammad Hatta in Social Studies Subject”, Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE Journal), Vol. 3, No. 2, p. 1013-1014.
Wildmalm F. (2001), “Tax structure and growth: are some taxes better than others?”, Public choice, 107, p. 200-220.
Published
2020-09-28
How to Cite
Abd. Syakur. (2020). Improving the Eighth Grade Students’ Listening Comprehension Achievement by using Dictation Techniques . Konfrontasi: Jurnal Kultural, Ekonomi Dan Perubahan Sosial, 7(3), 205-216. https://doi.org/10.33258/konfrontasi2.v7i3.116